BETHLEHEM (Ma'an) -- At least 1,991 Palestinian children have been killed by Israeli forces and Jewish extremists since 2000, according to figures released by an international rights group Thursday.
Ongoing settlement building in occupied East Jerusalem and the West Bank are wedging Palestinian children and their families against "expanding and often violent Israeli settler communities," Defense for Children International-Palestine (DCIP) research reported.
This expansion is increasingly placing Palestinian children in a "hyper-militarized environment," where they are facing higher frequencies of disproportionate violence from Israeli forces protecting settlers in the area, as well as from the settlers themselves.
DCIP said that 535 children were killed directly by Israeli attacks during the 2014 offensive in the Gaza Strip, around 68 percent of whom were under 12 years of age.
A further 3,306 children were injured during the war, including more than 1,000 who suffered permanent disability, the report said.
Meanwhile, 12 more Palestinian children were killed in 2014 by Israeli forces in the occupied West Bank and East Jerusalem, the majority from live ammunition, DCIP reported.
In each case, DCIP's research found "no evidence that any of the children killed in the West Bank posed a direct threat to Israeli troops or settlers."
It added that only one of the 12 cases resulted in both an investigation and indictment of Israeli soldiers.'Significant deterioration'
DCIP said that the security of Palestinian children -- which make up 42.6 percent of over 4.5 million Palestinians living in occupied Palestinian territory -- "significantly deteriorated" in 2014, citing military force as well as the Israeli military court system's denial of basic rights.
Thursday's report also documented violations of children's rights under Palestinian jurisdiction -- particularly abuse during arrest and interrogation -- criticizing the lack of a unified juvenile law used by Palestinian authorities.
The West Bank-based Palestinian Authority (PA) enforces a Jordanian law dating back to 1954, while the Hamas-run government in the Gaza Strip uses a law enacted in 1937 during the British Mandate.
"These legislations predate modern international standards for safeguarding children’s rights," the report said, although it noted that the PA had made some moves towards safeguarding the legal rights of children.
Furthermore, over 50 percent of Palestinian children face some form of domestic abuse, and rising poverty in the occupied territory has forced around 73,000 Palestinian children to join the labor force, DCIP reported.
The rights group documented Palestinian children -- some as young as 11-years-old -- working 12-hour days on Israeli agricultural settlements.
"Employers pay them in cash," the report said, "which leaves no trace of them working in settlements and denies them official status, health insurance, or rights as employees."
The Palestinian government lacks jurisdiction over Israeli settlements in the occupied West Bank, but DCIP pushed the necessity of reforming domestic labor laws.
The rights group said that the lives of Palestinian children will not improve "until a political solution ends Israel’s prolonged military occupation."